The issue of affirmative action in united states

History[ edit ] This section may be confusing or unclear to readers.

The issue of affirmative action in united states

Email [Be sure to read the Comments and replies following the article where the analysis continues. A place to begin is with the question of what affirmative action is and where it came from.

It can be thought of as a response to two problems. The first problem is that racial discrimination is alive and well in the United States as documented by abundant research, especially in hiring, housing, and the financial industry. African Americans, for example, were systematically targeted for subprime mortgages regardless of income level, and they suffered devastating losses as a result, far greater than the white population.

Jamal Jones, for example. In addition, a great deal of racial discrimination is difficult to prove because the decisions involved are often subjective and not open to any kind of scrutiny, as when interviewers form personal impressions of applicants.

And the higher the position, the more subjective the decision becomes. Bias is also difficult to prove because it often operates below the level of conscious awareness, so that the person making the decision is unaware that race is playing a role.

The second problem to which affirmative action responds is that discrimination against people of color and corresponding affirmative action in favor of whites have been going on for hundreds of years. This means that unearned white advantage is not simply a result of current practices but has been accumulating across many generations.

The average net wealth of white households, for example, is now roughly 20 times that of African American and Latino households, which has a profound effect on things such as being able to send your children to college. The situation is far worse for many Native Americans who continue to live on the impoverished reservations into which they were forced more than a century ago.

So, the question is, what to do in response to this? It ignores the implicit and unconscious nature of much racial discrimination and does nothing to overcome the cumulative effect of centuries of unearned white advantage. Enter affirmative action, a federal program begun by President John F.

Its purpose was to combat the exclusion of disadvantaged groups from occupations, and to help undo the effects of the long U. Most of the objections I hear focus on race. The charge is often made that anything that takes race into account must be racist.

This means that affirmative action of course must take race explicitly into account.

The issue of affirmative action in united states

What it does mean is that race is considered as one of a long list of criteria, with the goal of doing something, however imperfectly, to respond to the problem of racism as both a current and historical problem. It is also not possible to undo centuries of prejudice and discrimination directed at people of color without affecting outcomes for individual whites.The Affirmative Action Hoax is a superbly illuminating read.

Illuminating as it sheds light on what insanity is going on in America today with `pushing through' of people from certain racial and ethnic groups into positions that they ordinarily would not be in. Affirmative Action Regulations Abstract: Affirmative Action Regulations Sections 46a through 74 inclusive ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Regulations provided below are for informational purposes ONLY.

For official citations please refer to the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies. COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND OPPORTUNITIES AFFIRMATIVE ACTION .

Return to FAA/Educators: Affirmative Action and Financial Aid. Affirmative action is often defined as the effort to improve access to higher education for . Other Affirmative Action Cases.

Farmer v. Ramsay. In , a case against the University of Maryland School of Medicine was filed on the grounds of admission discrimination. In its tumultuous year history, affirmative action has been both praised and pilloried as an answer to racial inequality.

The term "affirmative action" was first introduced by President Kennedy in as a method of redressing discrimination that had persisted in spite of civil rights laws and constitutional guarantees.

It was developed and enforced for the first time by President Johnson. Affirmative Action Timeline [ Complete Timeline March 6, Executive Order makes the first mention of "affirmative action" July 2, Civil Rights Act signed by President Lyndon Johnson.

CHRO: Affirmative Action Regulations