Further information Why license research data? While practice varies from discipline to discipline, there is an increasing trend towards the planned release of research data. The need for data licensing arises directly from such releases, so the first question to ask is why research data should be released at all.
History[ edit ] The first mention of a southern and western inner city bypass was in the Melbourne Transportation Plan. The plan advocated for reservations and set aside sinking funds for the new inner city freeway system.
It was one of the few freeways connecting to the inner city along with the Eastern Freeway to Clifton Hill which was not later abandoned. The proposal to build CityLink was first announced in May and received the State Government's formal approval in mid The contract was awarded in to a consortium of Australia's Transfield Services and Japan's Obayashi Corporationwhich then formed Transurban.
Toll plazas for manual tolling were deemed impractical, and delays associated with plaza operations would have decreased the advantages of using the new road.
The decision to use only electronic toll collection was made in ; at a time when there was little practical experience of such systems. CityLink saw the widening and upgrading of the inner sections of the Tullamarine and Monash Freeways, as well tolls being imposed, which attracted criticism from road users.
The elevated Western Link extends the existing Tullamarine Freeway, lengthening it to terminate it five kilometres further south at the West Gate Freeway in Port Melbourne. It includes a new major bridge the Bolte Bridgenamed after former Premier Sir Henry Bolte over the Yarra River monash library database business plan the Docklands ; a long elevated section over Dudley Flats and Moonee Ponds Creek and a tube-like sound barrier in Flemington where the road passes close to a number of community housing towers.
A short distance to the north of the sound tube, a massive sculptural work was placed, called the Melbourne International Gateway, consisting of a giant yellow beam hanging diagonally across the road nicknamed the "Cheesestick" and a row of smaller red beams alongside the road the "Zipper", or "rack of lamb".
The Tullamarine Freeway was also widened from Bell Street to Flemington Road, with a transit lane being added in each direction. Southern link[ edit ] The underground southern link directly connects the ends of the West Gate and Monash Freeways into one continuous through-way.
This link comprises the Burnley and Domain Tunnels which pass under the Royal Botanic Gardens and the Yarra River, each tunnel channelling traffic in different directions. This link also includes a connection to the CBD from the Monash Freeway over a bridge extension of Exhibition Street over the nearby railway lines.
This section of Freeway was shown in the Melbourne Transportation Plan as part of the F9 Freeway corridor as a surface-level road. First proposal [ edit ] The original project was announced in April by then-Premier Denis Napthine as an unsolicited proposal by Transurbanwith Transurban providing the bulk of the funds for the upgrade.
In addition, Transurban's tolling concession was extended by a year, to This led to the original project being postponed, scrapped and modified to its current —present form with no connection to the now defunct East West Link.
Current proposal —present [ edit ] In August a new proposal to Widen the Citylink and Tullamarine Freeways was put into action by the recently elected Premier Daniel Andrews.
Speed limits will be lowered on parts of the freeway during construction work, and after construction, as a result of lane narrowing. The project will also install an electronic freeway management system, involving CCTV cameras, a variable speed limit, and electronic message signs.
Controversy has arisen due to the proximity of Strathmore Secondary College to the new ramp at Bell Street. Gantries constructed over each carriageway record registration plates and detect the e-TAGs, and deduct toll amounts automatically from the account linked electronically to each tag.
Where a tag is not detected, the vehicle's registration is recorded using an automatic number plate recognition system and checked against a database. For infrequent use of the system one can buy a Daypass — by phone, online, at any Australia Post outlet or at participating service stations.
A Daypass can be bought in advance or afterwards until midnight three days later.Monash University is one of Australia’s leading universities and ranks among the world’s top We help change lives through research and education. Learn more.
This is a guide to finding databases by subject and faculty. Skip to main content. Skip to content. Monash University Library Library guides Databases by Subject Home Search this Guide Search. Databases by Subject: Home. This is a guide to finding databases by subject and faculty. Business and Economics Toggle Dropdown.
*Former Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia. This lecture replicates some of the content of the Fiat Justitia Lecture delivered by the author at Monash University Law School on 15 August Monash South Africa Limited incorporated in Australia External Profit Company is registered with the Department of Education as a private higher education institution under the Higher Education Act of This guide will help you decide how to apply a licence to your research data, and which licence would be most suitable.
It should provide you with an awareness of why licensing data is important, the impact licences have on future research, and the potential pitfalls to avoid. A Study Overseas Experience is an integral component to your academic journey at The University of Adelaide.
Study Overseas provides students with a multitude of international opportunities, ranging from a few weeks to a full academic year.