Autocratic leadership style In the case above, the main issue that can be observed is the leadership style carried out by Yusuf Chang ,the CEO of Bunga Raya bank which is autocratic leadership style. According to RotembergAutocratic leadership style is observed when a leader makes a crucial decision on behalf of the company. Yusuf Chang has been hired with a main purpose which is to generate The interaction might have been short notice, due to me not knowing where I should have posted my thoughts.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access The Case Against Dualistic Interactionism Essay Sample Dualistic Interactionism theorizes that there are two substances, mind and body, that interact to produce the reality we experience.
If this is true, then true knowledge would simply be when our mental representations match the physical reality. Ever since Renee Descartes proposed that there are two ontologically distinct substances the theory known as Cartesian Dualism in his Sixth Meditation Descartes93 — mind and body — people have been trying to explain the relationship between these two substances in a way that captures the nature of human experience.
Dualistic Interactionism usually identified as another name for Cartesian Dualism simply states that the one say mind cannot be reduced to the other bodyand that neither do they meet in some third, ontologically distinct substance.
Asserting that there are two and only two kinds of things in existence is, in fact, a view that can be traced all the way back to at least Platowho gives us a theory of the soul as being distinct from the body in his dialogue of the Phaedo.
This view is also embodied in many major religious systems, including the Christian belief that we are composed of bodies that are distinct from souls, and that when we die out souls continue to exist. All this is to say that many hold some version of Dualistic Interactionism, as a default position, in spite of the fact that the position has been judged to be philosophically unsustainable.
Ever since Descartes proposed his dualism, people have tried to explain how these two distinct substances could possibly interact, given that they seem to exist independent of each other and may be incompatible at bottom. Critiques of Dualistic Interactionism seem to bunch up under two general questions: To the first question, Descartes had an answer: Thus, a mental even, such as the desire to go to the store to pick up some milk, gets translated in the pineal gland of the brain into a physical charge that makes you finally get off the couch and go get your coat and keys.
It is a common sense enough idea of what happens between thought and action. But there some serious problems with this apparently simple view. Firs of all, there is the problem that Aristotle calls weakness of the will: So, a thought does not necessarily translate into physical action, which means that there is not a necessary or causal connection between these two.
This boils down to the assertion that you can know something intellectually that you should not lie, for example and still not be able to act accordingly. If Descartes is correct, the it would seem that thought or knowledge would need to lead to action, and being mistaken or in error would not be possible where being in error would be something like a mismatch between mind and body?
This objection has to do with the question of how these two substances interact and how they might fail to interact. The famous billiard ball example is usually used: Now, imagine that the ball were struck, and nothing happened? This is what happens to us all the time — our thought make no impact on us, or conversely our experiences fail to become ideas.
The bottom line of this critique is that non-physical things like thoughts mind cannot be shown to have physical effects, so mind and matter cannot be shown to meet up reliably. The inability to explain or give a good model for how the two substances interact may be based in an0other problem, which the where question above.
In order for a non-physical, invisible thing to manifest in this world, it must become physical. This tends to argue in favor of the necessity to reduce mind to body — or at least that it has be translatable to body.
Indeed, this is what Descartes answers when he locates the interaction between the two substances in the pineal gland. And if, in the end, mind can be reduced to body, then this is an argument for monism, for there being ultimately just one substance.
Contemporary science seems to have proven, once and for all, that the non-physical things we associate with mind like consciousness, mind, or soul do have physical causes or explanations.
This is the strongest argument against Dualistic Interactionism, for which there is no good retort. The Philosophical Writings of Rene Descartes. Cambridge University Press, More essays like this:- In the following essay I will be offering some objections to Descartes’ interactionism as is primarily represented in his works The Passions of the Soul, Part I and Correspondence with Princess Elisabeth, Concerning the Union of Mind and Body.
Symbolic Interactionism Essay - Symbolic Interactionism On the surface, sociology is the study of society and human behavior; yet looking deeper, it is the study of humans in groups and how they interact with one another.
Interactionism, Energy Conservation, and the Violation of Physical Laws In either case, interactionism implies departuresfrom the laws of physics, despite attempts to demonstrate the contrary by exploiting the loophole of quantum A semiclassical presentation has been adopted in this essay.
“Symbolic Interactionism is the process of interaction in the formation of meanings for individuals.
In this case a symbolic interactionist would look at “the meanings behind underage drinking to explain that behavior, as well as the messages given to teens.
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