This stylistic character may be seen in several areas, including the grammar, syntax, semantics, and rhetorical features of the text. Particular examples of this style are called linguistic Hebraisms, or, more broadly, Semitisms a term which covers Aramaic influences as well as Hebrew.
The Indo-European Family of Languages. The Sanskrit, spoken in ancient India. Of this there were several stages, the oldest of which is the Vedic, or language of the Vedic Hymns.
These Hymns are the oldest literary productions known to us among all the branches of the Indo-European family. A conservative estimate places them as far back as B. Some scholars have even set them more than a thousand years earlier than this, i.
The Sanskrit, in modified form, has always continued to be spoken in India, and is represented to-day by a large number of dialects descended from the ancient Sanskrit, and spoken by millions of people. The Iranian, spoken in ancient Persia, and closely related to the Sanskrit.
There were two main branches of the Iranian group, viz. The Old Persian was the official language of the court, and appears in a number of so-called cuneiform  inscriptions, the earliest of which date from the time of Darius I sixth century B.
The other branch of the Iranian, the Avestan,  is the language of the Avesta or sacred books of the Parsees, the followers of Zoroaster, founder of the religion of the fire-worshippers. Portions of these sacred books may have been composed as early as B.
Modern Persian is a living representative of the old Iranian speech. It has naturally been much modified by time, particularly through the introduction of many words from the Arabic. This is closely related to the Iranian, and was formerly classified under that group.
It is now recognized as entitled to independent rank. The earliest literary productions of the Armenian language date from the fourth and fifth centuries of the Christian era.
To this period belong the translation of the Scriptures and the old Armenian Chronicle. The Armenian is still a living language, though spoken in widely separated districts, owing to the scattered locations in which the Armenians are found to-day.
This language, only recently discovered and identified as Indo-European, was spoken in the districts east of the Caspian Sea modern Turkestan.
While in some respects closely related to the three Asiatic branches of the Indo-European family already considered, in others it shows close relationship to the European members of the family. The literature of the Tokharian, so far as it has been brought to light, consists mainly of translations from the Sanskrit sacred writings, and dates from the seventh century of our era.
Probably they arrived in these districts much earlier. The earliest literary productions are the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer, which very likely go back to the ninth century B.
From the sixth century B. Modern Greek, when we consider its distance in time from antiquity, is remarkably similar to the classical Greek of the fourth and fifth centuries B.
The Italic Group embraces the Umbrian, spoken in the northern part of the Italian peninsula in ancient Umbria ; the Latin, spoken in the central part in Latium ; the Oscan, spoken in the southern part in Samnium, Campania, Lucania, etc. Besides these, there were a number of minor dialects, such as the Marsian, Volscian, etc.
Of all these barring the Latinthere are no remains except a few scanty inscriptions. Latin literature begins shortly after B. In the earliest historical times of which we have any record, the Celts occupied extensive portions of northern Italy, as well as certain areas in central Europe; but after the second century B.
Among the chief languages belonging to the Celtic group are the Gallic, spoken in ancient Gaul; the Breton, still spoken in the modern French province of Brittany; the Irish, which is still extensively spoken in Ireland among the common people, the Welsh; and the Gaelic of the Scotch Highlanders.
The Teutonic group is very extensive. Its earliest representative is the Gothic, preserved for us in the translation of the scriptures by the Gothic Bishop Ulfilas about A. Other languages belonging to this group are the Old Norse, once spoken in Scandinavia, and from which are descended the modern Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish; German; Dutch; Anglo-Saxon, from which is descended the modern English.
The languages of this group belong to eastern Europe. The Baltic division of the group embraces the Lithuanian and Lettic, spoken to-day by the people living on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea.
The earliest literary productions of these languages date from the sixteenth century. The Slavic division comprises a large number of languages, the most important of which are the Russian, the Bulgarian, the Serbian, the Bohemian, the Polish.
All of these were late in developing a literature, the earliest to do so being the Old Bulgarian, in which we find a translation of the Bible dating from the ninth century.
This is most nearly related to the Balto-Slavic group, and is characterized by the very large proportion of words borrowed from Latin, Turkish, Greek, and Slavic. Its literature does not begin till the seventeenth century.
Home of the Indo-European Family. We must believe, therefore, that at one time there existed a homogeneous clan or tribe of people speaking a language from which all the above enumerated languages are descended.Bengali (/ b ɛ n ˈ ɡ ɔː l i /), also known by its endonym Bangla (UK: / ˈ b ʌ ŋ l ə /; বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengalis in the Indian regardbouddhiste.com is the official and most widely spoken language of Bangladesh and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, behind Hindi..
The official and de facto national language of. the method of spiritual attainment outlined in Buddha’ s sermons on the Four Noble Truths: pain, the cause of pain, the cessation of pain, and the path that leads to this cessation, emphasizing, in the last, right view, thought, speech, action, livelihood, efïort, mindfulness, and concentration.
These are English idioms based on the human body, body parts and bodily functions. With sample sentences, notes, quizzes and answers. Good for ESL learners and teachers or lovers of English in general.
Metaphor & Metonymy. I Is an Other: The Secret Life of Metaphor and How It Shapes the Way We See the World by James Geary (Harper).
From President Obama's political rhetoric to the housing bubble bust, James Geary proves in this fascinating and entertaining book that every aspect of our experience is molded by metaphor. A large number of phrases and sentences in the English language are related to body parts. Some of them are descriptive while others, elusive.
We are the fruit of complex interactions with extraterrestrial entities that we have long taken for the "Gods". Far from the paradigms of Darwinism and creationism, Parks proposes an exogenesis of humanity based on the decryption of great fundamental myths, but also on Sumerian and biblical texts.