Gulf mexico oil spill research paper

The oil surged from about 5, feet under the ground forming underwater clouds of oil and slicks on both the surface and ocean floor.

Gulf mexico oil spill research paper

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message Fishing boats in Biloxi Graph showing the overall water temperature of the Gulf between Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.

Although Christopher Columbus was credited with the discovery of the Americas by Europeans, the ships in his four voyages never reached the Gulf of Mexico. Instead, Columbus sailed into the Caribbean around Cuba and Hispaniola. In his letters, Vespucci described this trip, and once Juan de la Cosa returned to Spain, a famous world mapdepicting Cuba as an island, was produced.

This was the first European encounter with an advanced civilization in the Americaswith solidly built buildings and a complex social organization which they recognized as being comparable to those of the Old World ; they also had reason to expect that this new land would have gold. The team labored until September 12 to salvage the Padre Island treasure.

This loss, in combination with other ship disasters around the Gulf of Mexico, gave rise to a plan for establishing a settlement on the northern Gulf Coast to protect shipping and more quickly rescue castaways.

Gulf mexico oil spill research paper

The contract gave him one year to gather an army, leave Spain, be large enough to found at least two towns of people each, and garrison two more fortresses anywhere along the coast.

On April 7,they spotted land north of what is now Tampa Bay. They turned south and traveled for two days looking for a great harbor the master pilot Miruelo knew of. Sometime during these two days, one of the five remaining ships was lost on the rugged coast, but nothing else is known of it.

This fort was known as Fort Maurepas or Old Biloxi. Shipwrecks[ edit ] The Mardi Gras shipwreck around the earlyth century about 35 miles off the coast of Louisiana in 4, feet meters of water. She is believed to have been a privateer or trader.

The shipwreck, whose real identity remains a mystery, lay forgotten at the bottom of the sea until it was discovered in by an oilfield inspection crew working for the Okeanos Gas Gathering Company OGGC. Lee, captained by William C.

She was sailing southeast of the entrance to the Mississippi River when the explosion destroyed the 3 hold, vented through the B and C decks and damaged the engines, the radio compartment and the steering gear. Claudius, en route to New Orleans. The badly damaged Robert E. Lee first listed to port then to starboard and finally sank within about 15 minutes of the attack.

One officer, nine crewmen and 15 passengers were lost. Ironically the passengers aboard the Robert E. Lee were primarily survivors of previous torpedo attacks by German U-boats. After training with the 4th U-boat FlotillaU was transferred to the 10th U-boat Flotilla for front-line service on June 1, Church and Daniel J.

The sonar contacts consisted of two large sections lying approximately feet apart at either end of a debris field that indicated the presence of a U-boat.

On its southeast quadrant the Gulf is bordered by Cuba.The Gulf oil spill is recognized as the worst oil spill in U.S. history. Within days of the April 20, explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico that killed 11 people, underwater cameras revealed the BP pipe was leaking oil and gas on the ocean floor about The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico has been described as the worst environmental disaster in the United States, releasing about million barrels ( million US gal; , m 3) of crude oil making it the largest marine oil spill.

Both the spill and the cleanup efforts had effects on the environment.. The oil spill was called the "worst environmental disaster the US.


1 Abstract The BP oil spill released million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico and caused a grave amount of damage to the surrounding areas both environmentally and economically.

The Deepwater Horizon blowout pumped thousands of cubic metres of oil into the Gulf Of Mexico. Could microbes offer a solution for coping with similar disasters?

OIS - OIL SPILL INDIA Oceans of the World, navigation and safety at sea and conservation of marine species. Figure 1.

Gulf mexico oil spill research paper

Northern Gulf of Mexico deepwater bathymetry grid created from 3D seismic surveys. The grid defines water depth with billion by ft cells and is available in feet and meters.