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An overview on the disorders is provided, looking into their characteristics, causality, and relationship to crime to provide a complete understanding of the diagnoses. The difference between young girls and boys and their criminal behavior is also recorded. These disorders are often co-morbid, which means they affect the occurrence of one or the other, and in the instances where a child has more than one disorder, the higher his inclination for adult criminality will be.
Males are more influenced by these disorders than females. Females usually learn to channel their behavioral problems or develop psychological problems or disorders. In some cases, this means that these women will become criminals.
However, this does not mean that every child who is diagnosed with one or more of the disorders mentioned will be a criminal, but the rate of occurrence is significantly high.
Around half or more of these children will commit serious criminal activities and develop arrest records. Conduct Disorder Children with conduct disorder often are also diagnosed with another disorder because the traits of aggression or behavior for each may overlap.
Characteristics of children of this type include but are not limited to bullying, assaults, physical fights, cruelty to animals, arson, shoplifting, and disobedience. Individuals diagnosed with conduct disorder exhibit neuropsychological deficits.
These deficits affect verbal comprehension skills and IQ levels Moffitt, b. These verbal skill deficits include impaired social judgment, weak language processing, and poor auditory memory Moffitt, The deficit in verbal understanding may well be cause for what seems to be impulsivity because the children are more likely to act on their own will when they do not understand what is going on.
Delinquent children are shown to consistently score lower on IQ tests than children who are not delinquent. Attention Deficit Disorders With or Without Hyperactivity Minimal brain dysfunctions, or abnormal cerebral structures, affect people so that they may experience periods of explosive rage that can lead to violent episodes, and thus violent crimes.
These dysfunctions of the brain are typically diagnosed as attention deficit disorders with or without hyperactivity ADHDwhich is another suspected cause of antisocial behavior. In a meta-analysis report by Pratt, Cullen, Blevins, Daigle and Unnever it was written that levels of ADHD among offenders in the criminal justice system is very common.
Furthermore, ADHD is associated with a variety of conditions that are risk factors for offending, including neuropsychological deficits, poor academic and cognitive skills, truancy, psychological problems, and defiance and aggression.
Characteristic Traits of ADHD The three main signs of ADHD, is when a child has problems paying attention, is very active, which is called hyperactivity, or acts before thinking, which is impulsivity. These children have difficulties sitting still, controlling behavior, and paying attention.
The first one is the predominantly inattentive type.Insomnia When Pregnant Gloop And Gleep Sounds with Why Pay Cable and Why Do I Feel Like I Could Sleep All Day are common and serious sleep disorder that causes you to stop breathing during sleep,brief interruptions in breathing during sleep.
DSM-IV gender identity disorder is similar to, but not the same as, gender dysphoria in DSM Separate criteria for children, adolescents and adults that are appropriate for varying developmental states are added. Subtypes of gender identity disorder based on sexual orientation were deleted.
Although once thought to be a relatively rare condition, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is now recognized to be a common and often debilitating form of mental illness. For more in-depth information about bipolar disorder, request a copy of our free book here (available in Kindle, PDF or hard copy)..
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in a person’s mood, energy, and ability to function.
Depression and mania can be divided into three different subcategories: Bipolar 1 Disorder, Bipolar 2 Disorder, and Cylothymia (Craighead and Nemeroff, , ). This paper will discuss bipolar disorder as well as give a short history of the mental illness, the subcategories and the symptoms, as well as causes and treatments.
Childhood Onset Bipolar Disorder research papers explore bipolar syndrome in Children. It has long been a mis-perception in the mental health community that bipolar disorder develops no earlier than puberty.