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Identifying Cause-and-Effect Relationships Introduce the concept of cause-and-effect with some simple sentences. On the board, write the following two sentences.
The students stayed in and played board games during recess.
It was raining outside during recess time. Explain to students that the cause of something is always what happens first and the effect is the resulting outcome or what happens second.
Have a student volunteer go to the board and label which event he or she thinks happened first and which happened second. Once the student has successfully identified that sentence b happened first and was the cause of the students staying inside and playing board games during recess, explain that sentence a is the effect of sentence b.
Ask a student volunteer to write a new, action-oriented sentence on the board. Invite students to write one cause and one effect sentence on their individual dry erase boards, on notebook paper, or in their reading journals, and turn and share with the person sitting directly beside them.
At this time, it is imperative that you circulate among the students and offer assistance if and when a student is demonstrating difficulty understanding the concept. After the pair-and-share session, invite one or two student volunteers to share their sentences with the entire class, and reinforce which is the cause and which is the effect.
Tell students that often an author uses cause and effect as an element of story writing and that cause-and-effect relationships are used to explain many science and social studies concepts. Explain that today students are going to listen to a read-aloud and determine the multiple cause-and-effect situations that the main character encounters.
Ask student volunteers to share what they may already know about this book i. What types of things happen in the book? Explain to students that you are going to read the book aloud and identify the cause-and-effect relationships throughout the book. Use a think-aloud after each cause-and-effect relationship to model and identify the relationship to the students.
Give one of the Numeroff books to each group. Have students pick one team member to read the book aloud, one to record the number of relationships, and one to share their findings with the class. Allow students approximately 15 minutes to complete this group activity.
Upon completion, have various groups share their answers, as class time permits. You can accomplish this by displaying the read-aloud text from Session 1. If students are using Comic Creator or Make Beliefs Comixaccess the bookmarked website and display it on a projector.
If you are using printable templates, display a sample template on a document camera or overhead and project it for the entire group to see. This results in three cause-and-effect relationships. Model how to write captions and drop art and illustrations into each panel.
Explain to students that once they print their comic strips, they can use art materials to add additional drawings and colors.
Note that older students may want to create longer strips.cause-and-effect relationships were clearly described in detail Two cause-and-effect relationships were clearly described in detail One cause-and-effect relationship was clearly described in detail No cause-and-effect regardbouddhiste.com Author: kolney Created Date.
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